Incorporated under the laws of the
State of New York
As Amended through March 13, 2013
Section 1.1: Offices:
The principal office of the Corporation shall be in the Borough of Manhattan, City, County and State of New York. The Corporation may have offices and places of business at such other places within or without the State of New York as may be determined by the Board of Directors or the business of the Corporation may require.
Section 2.1: Places of Meetings:
All meetings of the
shareholders may be held at such time and place within or without the State of
New York as shall be
stated in the notice of meeting or in a duly
executed waiver of notice thereoffixed by the Board of
Section 2.2: Annual Meetings:
The annual meeting of
shareholders shall be held on
the third Thursday of April in each year,
or on such othersuch day as may be determined by the
Board of Directors , at an hour and place to be stated in the notice, for
the election of directors and the transaction of such other business as may
properly come before the meeting.
Section 2.3: Special Meetings:
Special meetings of the
shareholders for any purpose or purposes, unless otherwise prescribed by
statute, or by the certificate of incorporation, may be called by the Chairman
of the Board of Directors or the Chairman of the Executive
Committee, if there
bybe any, or the
President, and shall be called by the Chairman or the Secretary at the request
in writing of a majority of the Board of Directors. Such request shall state
the purposes of the proposed meeting. The business transacted at all special
meetings shall be confined to the objectssubject(s) stated
in the call.
A special meeting of the shareholders shall be called by the Secretary upon the written request of the holders of record who hold a “net long position” (as defined below) of not less than 25% of the voting power of all outstanding shares of common stock of the Corporation (the “Requisite Percent”), subject to the following:
In order for a special meeting upon shareholder request (a “Shareholder Requested Special Meeting”) to be called by the Secretary, a written request for a special meeting (a “Special Meeting Request”) stating the purpose of the special meeting and the matters proposed to be acted upon thereat must be signed and dated by the Requisite Percent of record holders of common stock of the Corporation (or their duly authorized agents), must be delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation and must set forth:
the information required by Section 3.13; and
an agreement by the requesting shareholder(s) to notify the Corporation immediately in the case of any disposition prior to the record date for the Shareholder Requested Special Meeting of shares of common stock of the Corporation owned of record and an acknowledgement that any such disposition shall be deemed a revocation of such Special Meeting Request to the extent of such disposition, such that the number of shares disposed of shall not be included in determining whether the Requisite Percent has been reached.
The “net long position” of a requesting shareholder shall be determined in accordance with the definition thereof set forth in Rule 14e-4: under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), provided that (i) for purposes of applying such definition, in determining such party’s “short position,” the reference in Rule 14e-4 to the date that a tender offer is first announced shall be the date on which a valid Special Meeting Request shall have been delivered to the Corporation (the “Request Receipt Date”) and the reference to the highest tender offer price shall refer to the market price of the Corporation’s common stock on the Request Receipt Date and (ii) the net long position of a requesting shareholder shall be reduced by the number of shares as to which the Board of Directors determines that the requesting shareholder does not, or will not, have the right to vote or direct the vote at the special meeting or as to which the Board of Directors determines that the requesting shareholder has entered into any derivative or other agreement, arrangement or understanding that hedges or transfers, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, any of the economic consequences of ownership of such shares.
The Corporation will provide the requesting shareholder(s) with notice of the record date for the determination of shareholders entitled to vote at the Shareholder Requested Special Meeting. A requesting shareholder is required to update the notice delivered pursuant to this Section 2.3 not later than 10 days after such record date to provide any material changes in the foregoing information as of such record date.
Any requesting shareholder may revoke the Special Meeting Request at any time by written revocation delivered to the Secretary at the principal executive offices of the Corporation. If, following such revocation (or any deemed revocation pursuant to clause (a)(ii) above), the non-revoking requesting shareholders are record owners in the aggregate of less than the Requisite Percent, there shall be no requirement to hold a special meeting.
A Special Meeting Request shall not be valid if:
the Special Meeting Request relates to an item of business that is not a proper subject for shareholder action under applicable law;
the Request Receipt Date is during the period commencing 90 days prior to the first anniversary of the date of the immediately preceding annual meeting and ending on the date of the next annual meeting;
an identical or substantially similar item (as determined in good faith by the Board of Directors, a “Similar Item”) was presented at any meeting of shareholders held within 120 calendar days prior to the Request Receipt date (and for purposes of this clause (iii), the nomination, election or removal of directors shall be deemed to be a “Similar Item” with respect to all items of business involving the nomination, election or removal of directors, changing the size of the Board of Directors and filling of vacancies and/or newly created directorships resulting from any increase in the authorized number of directors);
a Similar Item is included in the Corporation’s notice as an item of business to be brought before a shareholder meeting that has been called but not yet held or that is called for a date within 90 days of the Request Receipt Date; or
the Special Meeting Request was made in a manner that involved a violation of Section 14A under the Exchange Act or other applicable law.
A Shareholder Requested Special Meeting shall be held at such date and time as may be fixed by the Board of Directors; provided, however, that the Shareholder Requested Special Meeting shall be called for a date not more than 90 days after the Request Receipt Date.
Business transacted at any Shareholder Requested Special Meeting shall be limited to (i) the purpose(s) stated in the valid Special Meeting Request received from the Requisite Percent of record holders and (ii) any additional matters that the Board of Directors determines to include in the Corporation’s notice of the meeting. If none of the shareholders who submitted the Special Meeting Request appears or sends a qualified representative to present the matters to be presented for consideration that were specified in the Shareholder Meeting Request, the Corporation need not present such matters for a vote at such meeting, notwithstanding that proxies in respect of such matter may have been received by the Corporation.
Section 2.4: Notices:
Written notice of annual
and special meetings of shareholders, stating the place, date and hour, shall
be given personally
or, by first-class mail or
electronically not less than ten days nor more than fsi fxty days before such a
meeting to each shareholder entitled to vote thereat. Notice of a special
meeting shall indicate that it is being issued by or at the direction of the
person or persons calling the meeting and shall also state the purpose or
purposes for which the meeting is called. If mailed, such notices are notice
is given when deposited in the United States mail, postage prepaid,
directed to the shareholder at such address as appears on the books or records
of the Corporation or on the books or records of its agents, or in a written
request filed with the Secretary of the Corporation or on the books or records
of its agents, or in a written request filed with the Secretary of the
Corporation by any shareholder that notices intended for him/her be
mailed to some other address, in which case, such notice shall be mailed to the
address designated in such request. If transmitted electronically, such
notice is given when directed to the shareholder’s electronic mail address as
supplied by the shareholder to the Secretary of the Corporation or as otherwise
directed pursuant to the shareholder’s authorization or instructions.
Section 2.5: Record Date:
The Board of Directors
may fix, in advance, a date as the record date for the
determination of shareholders entitled to receive notice of, or to vote at, any
meeting of shareholders, or to express consent to or dissent from any proposal
without a meeting or for the purpose of determining shareholders entitled to
receive payment of any dividend or the allotment of any rights, or for the
purpose of any other action. Such date shall not be more than
fsi fxty nor less than ten days
before the date of such meeting, nor more than fifty days prior to any other
Section 2.6: Waivers of Notice:
Notice of meeting need not be given to any shareholder who submits a signed waiver of notice, in person or by proxy, whether before or after the meeting. The attendance of any shareholder at a meeting, in person or by proxy, without protesting, prior to the conclusion of the meeting, the lack of notice of such meeting, shall constitute a waiver of notice by him.
Section 2.7: Quorum:
Except as otherwise prescribed by statute or the certificate of incorporation, the holders of a majority of the shares issued and outstanding and entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall be requisite to and shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business at all meetings of the shareholders. If, however, such majority shall not be present or represented at any meeting of the shareholders, the shareholders entitled to vote thereat, present in person or represented by proxy, shall have the power to adjourn the meeting from time to time, without notice other than announcement at the meeting, until a quorum shall be present or represented. At such adjourned meeting at which a quorum shall be present or represented, any business may be transacted which might have been transacted at the meeting as originally noticed.
Section 2.8: Action By Written Consent of Shareholders:
Whenever shareholders are required or permitted to take any action by vote, such action may be taken without a meeting on written consent, setting forth the action so taken, signed by the holders of all outstanding shares entitled to vote thereon.
Section 3.1: Number, Qualification And Term:
The property and business of the Corporation shall be managed by its Board of Directors, consisting of such number of directors, not less than three, as may from time to time be fixed by resolution adopted by a majority of the entire Board. Directors need not be shareholders. All directors shall be elected for a term expiring at the next annual meeting of shareholders. Each director shall hold office until the expiration of the term for which he or she is elected and until his or hersuccessor has been elected and qualified.
Section 3.2: Vacancies:
Vacancies occurring in
the membership of the Board of Directors from whatever cause arising (including
an increase in the number of directors) may be filled for the unexpired term or
terms by a majority vote of the directors
then in office although less thanpresent
at the time of the vote, provided a quorum exists,be
then present or by the shareholders at any special meeting of the
Section 3.3: Removal of Directors:
Any one or more or all
of Subject to the provisions of the Business
Corporation Law, any and all directors may be removed for cause or
without cause by vote of the shareholders of the Corporation and
thereupon the termentitled to vote. Except as otherwise
provided by the Business Corporation Law or by the certificate of office
of suchincorporation, any director or
directors who shall have been so may be removed shall
forthwith terminate and there shall be a vacancy or vacancies in for
cause by the vote, at a meeting of the Board of Directors to ,
of a majority of the directors present at the time of the vote, if a quorum be filled
as provided in these By-Laws except as may otherwise be prescribed by lawthen
Section 3.4: Regular Meetings:
Regular meetings of the
Board of Directors may be held without notice at such places and times as may
be fixed, from time to time, by
resolution of the
Board of Directors and a regular meeting shall be held each
year after the adjournment of the annual meeting of the shareholders on the
same day. and at the same place.
Section 3.5: Special Meetings:
Special meetings of the Board of Directors may be held at any time upon the call of the Chairman of the Board of Directors and shall be called by the Chairman on the written request of one-third of the total number of directors then in office, by oral, electronic or written notice, given to each director not less than twenty-four hours before such meeting. Notice of a special meeting need not be given to any director who submits a signed waiver of notice whether before or after the meeting, or who attends the meeting without protesting, prior thereto or at its commencement, the lack of notice to him or her.
Section 3.6: Place of Meeting:
The directors may hold their meetings, have one or more offices, and keep the books of the Corporation (except as may be required by law) at any place, either within or without the State of New York, as they may from time to time determine.
Section 3.7: Quorum and Vote:
At all meetings of the
Board of Directors, the presence of one-third of the entire Board,
unless otherwise provided by law, shall constitute a quorum for the transaction
of business, but a lesser number may adjourn any meeting from time to time and
the meeting may be held as adjourned without further notice. The vote of a
majority of the directors present at the time of the vote, if a quorum if
present at such time, shall be the act of the Board of
Directors, except as may be otherwise provided by statute, the Certificate
of Incorporation or the By-Laws. Any one or more members of the Board
of Directors may participate in a meeting of such
means of a conference telephone or similar communications equipment allowing
all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other at the same time.
Participation by such means shall constitute presence in person at
Section 3.8: Quorum May Include Common or Interested Directors:
Common or interested
directors may be counted in determining the presence of a quorum at a meeting
of the Board of Directors or
committee which authorizes the contract or transaction concerning such
common or interested directors.
Section 3.9: Executive, Audit, Compensation, Corporate Governance and Nominating and Other Committees:
The Board of Directors,
by resolution adopted by a majority of the entire Board, may elect from among
its members an Executive Committee comprised of a majority of non-management
directors and shall elect a standing Audit Committee
standing Compensation Committee bothand
a standing Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee, each of
which shall be comprised entirely of non-management directors, and may elect
other committees. Committees shall each consist of three or more members and
each committee shall (i) serve at the pleasure of the
Board of Directors, (ii) have the power and authority of the Board of
Directors to the extent provided in these By-Laws or by resolution of
the Board of Directors, and (iii) keep minutes of its meetings and
report the same to the Board . of
Directors. The Board of Directors shallmay fill
vacancies in any committee and may designate one or more directors as alternate
members of any committee who may take the place of any absent member or members
at any meeting thereof .
The Executive Committee
shall possess and exercise all the powers of the Board of Directors in the
management and direction of the business and affairs of the Corporation, except
as otherwise specifically provided in the Certificate of Incorporation and in
these By-Laws, provided that all action of the Executive Committee shall be
reported to the Board of Directors for ratification and approval at its meeting
next succeeding such action and shall be subject to revision or alteration
thereby; however, no rights or acts of third parties shall be affected by such
revision or alteration by the Board of Directors. The Executive Committee shall
fix its own rules of procedure and shall meet where and as provided by such
rules or by resolution of the Board of Directors, but the presence of a
majority of the members or their alternates, but in no case less than three,
shall be necessary to constitute a quorum. The affirmative vote of a majority
of the members or their alternates, but in no case less than
shall be necessary for the adoption of any resolution by the Executive
the submission to shareholders of any action as to which shareholders' authorization is required by law;
the filling of vacancies in the Board of Directors or on any committee;
the fixing of compensation of any directors for serving on the Board of Directors or on any committee;
the amendment or repeal of these By-Laws or the adoption of new By-Laws; or
the amendment or repeal of any resolution of the Board of Directors which by its terms shall not be so amendable or repealable.
e. Any one or more members of any committee of the
Board of Directors may participate in a meeting of such
committee by means of a conference telephone or similar communications
equipment allowing all persons participating in the meeting to hear each other
at the same time. Participation by such means shall constitute presence in
person at a meeting the amendment or repeal of these By-Laws or the adoption of
new By-Laws;at a meeting
Section 3.10: Honorary Directors:
The Board of Directors, by vote of the majority of the directors then in office, may elect as an honorary director any former member of the Board of Directors other than a director removed by vote of the shareholders pursuant to Section 3.3of this Article.
Such honorary directors shall be entitled to receive notices of all meetings of the Board of Directors, but the failure to send such notice to an honorary director, or to obtain his waiver of notice, shall in no way invalidate any meeting of the Board of Directors, or affect any action taken by the Board of Directors at such a meeting. Honorary directors present at any meeting of the Board of Directors shall be entitled to participate in the discussion of all matters presented at the meeting, but shall not be counted for the purpose of constituting a quorum, nor shall such honorary director be entitled to vote at such meeting. Honorary directors may receive such honorarium, reimbursement of expenses or other compensation as the Corporation, in its discretion acting through the Chairman of the Board of Directors, the President or the Treasurer, may determine.
An honorary director
shall not be
classified with respectsubject to his
term of office,annual election but shall
continue as honorary director at the pleasure of the Board of Directors or
until his resignation in writing is submitted to the Boardof
Directors. Any honorary director may be removed with or without cause by a
majority of the directors then in office, or by action of the shareholders,
pursuant to Section 3.3 of this Article. An honorary director shall
have no power to bind the Corporation, or to manage its property and business,
but shall have only such power with respect thereto as may be granted to such
honorary director by a specific resolution of the Board of Directors.
Section 3.11: Compensation of Directors:
Directors of the
Corporation who do not otherwise receive compensation as officers or employees
of the Corporation or of any of its subsidiaries, shall each in consideration
for serving as a director or as a member of a duly constituted committee of the
Board of Directors be entitled to receive from the Corporation such amount per
annum or such fees for attendance at the directors’ meetings, or committee
meetings or both, as the Board of Directors may from time to time determine,
together with reimbursement for reasonable travel expenses incurred in
connection with the performance of his/her duties. In addition thereto,
directors not otherwise receiving salaries as officers or employees of the
Corporation or of any of its subsidiaries, may receive such honorarium,
reimbursement of expenses or such compensation for services to the Corporation
as members of one or more committees authorized by the Board of Directors or
for services to the Corporation beyond the ordinary scope of their duties as
directors, as shall be determined by the Board of Directors. Such additional
compensation, honorarium, or reimbursement of expenses shall be determined by
members of the Board not entitled to participate in the honorarium,
reimbursement of expenses or compensation authorized by this By-Law and such
determination shall be final.
Section12:Unless otherwise restricted by the Certificate of Incorporation or by
these By-Laws, the Board of Directors shall have the authority to fix the
compensation of directors for services in any capacity.
Section 3.12: Action Without a Meeting:
Any action required or permitted to be taken by the Board of Directors or any committee thereof may be taken without a meeting if all members of the Board of Directors or of such committee consent, in writing, to the adoption of a resolution authorizing the action. The resolution and the written consents thereto by the members of the Board of Directors or the committee shall be filed with the minutes of the proceedings of the Board of Directors or committee.
Section 3.13: Advance Notice of Shareholder Proposals:
of shareholders, proposals and persons nominated for election as directors by
shareholders shall be considered only if (1) advance written notice thereof has
been timely given as provided herein and (2) such proposals or nominations are
otherwise proper for consideration under applicable law and the certificate of
incorporation and by-laws of the Corporation. At any special meeting of
shareholders only such business may be transacted as is set forth in the notice
of the meeting referred to in Article II Section 4 of these By-lawsBy-Laws
of the Corporation.
Written notice of any
proposal to be presented by any shareholder or of the name of any person to be
nominated by any shareholder for election as a director of the Corporation
shall be delivered to the Secretary of the Corporation at its principal
executive office not less than 60 nor more than 90 days prior to the date of
the meeting; provided, however, that if the date of the meeting is first
publicly announced or disclosed (in a public filing or otherwise) less than 70
days prior to the date of the meeting, such advance notice shall be given not
more than ten days after such date is first so announced or disclosed.
notice shall be deemed to have been given more than 70 days in advance of the
annual meeting if the Corporation shall have previously disclosed, in these
by-laws or otherwise, that the annual meeting in each year is to be held on a
determinable date, unless the Board determines to hold the meeting on a
Any shareholder who
gives such notice of a proposal will deliver therewithAny shareholder who gives such notice of a proposal
or nomination must include in such notice: (i) the
shareholder’s name and address, (ii) a complete listing of the record and
beneficial ownership positions (including number or amount) of all equity
securities and debt instruments, whether held in the form of loans or capital
market instruments, of the Corporation or any of its subsidiaries held by the
shareholder, (iii) whether and the extent to which any hedging, derivative or
other transaction is in place or has been entered into within the prior six
months preceding the date of delivery of such notice by or for the benefit of
the shareholder with respect to the Corporation or its subsidiaries or any of
their respective securities, debt instruments or credit ratings, the effect or
intent of which transaction is to give rise to gain or loss as a result of
changes in the trading price of such securities or debt instruments or changes
in the credit ratings for the Corporation, its subsidiaries or any of their
respective securities or debt instruments (or, more generally, changes in the
perceived creditworthiness of the Corporation or its subsidiaries), or to
increase or decrease the voting power of the shareholder, and if so, a summary
of the material terms thereof, (v) a representation that the shareholder
intends to appear in person or by proxy at the meeting to propose the matter
set forth in such notice, (vi) in the case of a proposal other than a
nomination, the text of the
proposal to be presented and a brief written statement of the reasons why the
shareholder favors the proposal setting forth the shareholder’s name
and address, the number and class of all shares of each class of stock of the
Corporation beneficially owned by the shareholder and any material interest of
the shareholder in the proposal (other than as a shareholder). Any shareholder
desiring to nominate any person for election as a director of the Corporation
shall deliver with such notice, and (vii) in the case of a nomination, a
statement in writing setting forth the name of the person to be nominated, the
number and class of all shares of each class of stock of the Corporation
beneficially owned by such person, the factual information
regarding such person required by paragraphs (a), (e) and (f) of Item 401 of
Regulation S-K adopted by the Securities and Exchange Commission (or the
corresponding provisions of any regulation subsequently adopted by the
Securities and Exchange Commission applicable to the Corporation), and the
person’s signed consent to serve as a director of the Corporation if elected ,
the shareholder’s name and address and the number and class of all shares of
each class of stock of the Corporation beneficially owned by the shareholder.
As used herein, shares “beneficially owned” shall mean all shares as to which
such person, together with such person’s affiliates and associates (as defined
in Rule 12b-2 under the Securities Exchange Act of
1934),) may be deemed to beneficially own pursuant to Rules
13d-3 and 13d-5 under the Securities Act
of 1934, as well as all shares as to which such person, together with such
person’s affiliates and associates, has the right to become the beneficial
owner pursuant to any agreement or understanding, or upon the exercise of
warrants, options or rights to convert or exchange (whether such rights are
exercisable immediately or only after the passage of time or the occurrence of
This Section 3.13 shall not apply to proposals made pursuant to Rule 14a-8 under the Exchange Act.
The person presiding at the meeting, in addition to making any other determinations that may be appropriate to the conduct of the meeting, shall determine whether notice of any shareholder proposal or nomination has been duly given and shall direct that proposals and nominees not be considered if such notice has not been given.
Section 4.1: Titles and Election:
The officers of the Corporation, who shall be elected or appointed by the Board of Directors, shall be a Chairman of the Board, a President, one or more Vice Presidents, a Secretary and a Treasurer. The Board of Directors from time to time may elect or appoint such other officers, assistant officers, agents and employees as it shall deem necessary, and may define their powers and duties. The Chairman, from time to time, may appoint assistant officers and such agents and employees as he or she may deem proper. One person may hold any two or more offices except those of President and Secretary. The officers need not be directors.
Section 4.2: Terms of Office:
The officers shall hold office at the pleasure of the Board of Directors.
Section 4.3: Removal
Any officer may be removed, either with or without cause, at any time, by the Board of Directors.
Section 4.4: Powers And Duties of The Chairman of The Board
The Chairman of the
shallmay be the chief executive officer of the Corporation. The Chairman
of the Board of Directors shall exercise general policy
direction and broad review of the affairs of the Corporation and the
performance of its officers. He or she shall preside at the
meetings of the shareholders and of the Board of Directors and shall be
Chairman of the Executive Committee and of all other committees of the Board of
Directors not required by these By-Laws to be comprised solely of
non-management directors. He shall have power to make contracts for the
Section 4.5: Powers and Duties of the President:
the absence of the Chairman of the Board, shall preside at all meetings of
stockholders and directors, and shall perform all such other duties
as are incident to this office or are properly required of him or her by
the By-Laws or the Chairman of the Board of Directors.
The President may, from time to time, delegate to other officers, assistant officers, agents and employees of the Corporation any of the powers and duties conferred upon him or her or pertaining to his or her office.
Section 4.6: Powers and Duties of the Vice Presidents:
The Vice Presidents may
be designated by the Board of Directors with one or more titles denoting
seniority or in any other order determined by the Board
, in the absence or
disability of the President, shall perform the duties
and exercise the powers of the President. of
Directors. All of the Vice Presidents shall perform such duties as may
be prescribed by the Board of Directors, and subject thereto, by the Chairman.
Section 4.7: Powers and Duties of The Secretary:
The Secretary, or in
the Secretary’s absence, an alternate secretary shall attend all
meetings of the Board of Directors and all meetings of the
shareholders and act as Secretary thereof, and record all votes and the minutes
of all proceedings in a book to be kept for that purpose, and shall perform
like duties for any committee of the Board of Directors when
HeThe Secretary shall
cause notice which is required to be given of all meetings of shareholders and
directors and shall perform such other duties as pertain to his or her office. HeThe Secretary shall keep in
safe custody the seal of the Corporation and affix it, when required, to any
Section 4.8: Powers and Duties of The Treasurer:
The Treasurer shall have
the custody of all the corporate funds and securities and shall keep full and
accurate accounts of receipts and disbursements in books belonging to the
Corporation and shall deposit all moneys and other valuable effects in the name
and to the credit of the Corporation in such depositories as may be designated
by the Board of Directors.
Treasurer shall disburse the funds of the Corporation as may be
ordered by the Board of Directors, taking proper vouchers for such
disbursements, and shall render to the Chairman or the President and directors
at the regular meetings of the Board of Directors, or whenever they
may require it, an account of all his transactions as Treasurer and of the
financial condition of the Corporation.
Section 4.9: Powers and Duties of other Officers:
All other officers and
assistant officers shall have such duties and exercise
s such powers
as generally pertain to their respective offices as well as such duties and
powers as from time to time may be prescribed by the Chairman or the President
or the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors may require
any officer, agent or employee to give security for the faithful performance of
Section 10: Compensation
Salaries of officers
elected by the Board shall be fixed or approved by the Board of Directors. The compensation of all other officers ,
divisional officers, assistant officers, agents and employees shall
either be so fixed or shall be fixed or approved by the
Chairman or President or such other officers duly authorized
to fix such salaries.
SHARES AND TRANSFER OF SHARES
Section 5.1: Form of Shares:
The shares of the Corporation shall be represented by certificates, except to the extent that the Board of Directors has provided for uncertificated shares in accordance with Section 5.3 of this Article. Except as otherwise expressly provided by law, the rights and obligations of the holders of uncertificated shares and the rights and obligations of the holders of certificates representing shares of the same class and series shall be identical.
Section 5.2: Share Certificates:
Certificates representing shares of the Corporation shall be in such form as the Board of Directors from time to time may prescribe. Each certificate shall be signed by the Chairman of the Board of Directors or President or a Vice President and by the Secretary or an Assistant Secretary or the Treasurer or an Assistant Treasurer and sealed with the seal of the Corporation or a facsimile thereof. The signatures of officers upon a certificate may be facsimiles as permitted by law. If the Corporation is authorized to issue shares of more than one class, each certificate representing shares issued by the Corporation shall set forth upon the face or back of the certificate, or shall state that the Corporation will furnish to any shareholder upon request and without charge, a full statement of the designation, relative rights, preferences and limitations of the shares of each class authorized to be issued and the designation, relative rights, preferences and limitations of each series of any class of preferred shares authorized to be issued in series so far as the same have been fixed and the authority of the Board of Directors to designate and fix the relative rights, preferences and limitations of other series. Each certificate representing shares of the Corporation shall state upon the face thereof (1) that the Corporation is formed under the laws of the State of New York; (2) the name of the person or persons to whom issued; and (3) the number and class of shares, and the designation of the series, if any, which such certificate represents.
Section 5.3: Uncertificated Shares:
The Board of Directors
may provide by resolution that some or all of any or all classes and series of
the Corporation’s shares shall be uncertificated
shares, provided that such resolution shall not apply to shares represented by
a certificate until such certificate is surrendered to the Corporation. Within
a reasonable time after the issuance
, or within two
business days after a transfer , of uncertificated
shares, the Corporation shall send a written notice to the registered owner of
such shares and to any other party required by law to receive such notice. Each
such notice shall be signed by or on behalf of the Corporation and shall state
(1) that the Corporation is formed under the laws of the State of
New York; (2) the name of the person or persons to whom issued; (3) the
number and class of shares, and the designation of the series, if any, with
respect to which such notice was issued; and (4) any other
information required by law to be contained therein. If the Corporation is
authorized to issue shares of more than one class, each such notice shall
contain, or shall state that the Corporation will furnish to any shareholder
upon request and without charge, a full statement of the designation, relative
rights, preferences and limitations of the shares of each class authorized to
be issued and the designation, relative rights, preferences and limitations of
each series of any class of preferred shares authorized to be issued in series
so far as the same have been fixed and the authority of the Board of Directors
to designate and fix the relative rights, preferences and limitations of other
Section 5.4: Transfers of Shares:
Shares of the Corporation shall be transferable on the record of shareholders upon presentation to the Corporation or a transfer agent of (a) a certificate or certificates representing the shares requested to be transferred, with proper endorsement on the certificate or on a separate accompanying document, or (b) in the case of uncertificated shares, a transfer request indicating the shares requested to be transferred, with proper endorsement on a separate accompanying document, together, in either case (a) or (b), with such evidence of the payment of transfer taxes and compliance with other provisions of law as the Corporation or its transfer agent may require. Subject to applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation and these By-Laws, the Board of Directors may prescribe with respect to any class or series of shares of the Corporation such procedures as it may deem appropriate relating to the transfer and registration of transfers of uncertificated shares or shares represented by certificates, or both forms of shares, of such class or series.
Section 5.5: Lost, Stolen or Destroyed Share Certificates:
No certificate for shares of the Corporation shall be issued in place of any certificate alleged to have been lost, stolen or destroyed, except upon production of such evidence of the loss, theft or destruction and upon indemnification of the Corporation and its agents to such extent and in such manner as the Board of Directors may from time to time prescribe.
Section 6.1: Corporate Seal:
The seal of the Corporation shall have inscribed thereon the name of the Corporation, and the year and State of its incorporation. Such seal may be altered from time to time at the discretion of the Board of Directors.
CHECKS, DRAFTS, NOTES, ETC.
Section 7.1: Execution:
All checks, drafts, notes and other instruments or orders for the payment of money shall be signed by such officer or officers or other person or persons as the Board of Directors from time to time may designate.
Section 8.1 Fiscal Year:
The fiscal year of the Corporation shall begin on January 1st and end on December 31st of each year, unless otherwise provided by the Board of Directors.
WAIVER OF NOTICE
Section 9.1: Waiver of Notice:
Whenever under the provisions of any of these By-Laws action is authorized to be taken after notice to the shareholders or to the Board of Directors, or after the lapse of a prescribed period of time, such action may be taken without notice and without the lapse of any period of time, if at any time before or after such action be completed such requirements be waived in writing by every shareholder of this Corporation entitled to such notice or to participate in such action, or by his or her attorney thereunto authorized, if such action is to be or has been taken by shareholders, or by every director of this Corporation, if such action is to be taken or has been taken by the directors.
INTEREST OF DIRECTORS
Section 10.1: Interest Of Directors:
No contract or other transaction between this Corporation and one or more of its directors, or between this Corporation and any other corporation, firm, association or other entity in which one or more of its directors are directors or officers, or are financially interested, shall be either void or voidable for this reason alone or by reason alone that such director or directors are present at the meeting of the Board of Directors, or at a Committee thereof, which approves such contract or transaction, or that his or their votes are counted for such purpose, provided, that:
the fact of such common directorship, officership or financial interest is disclosed or known to the Board of Directors or Committee, and the Board of Directors or Committee approves such contract or transaction by a vote sufficient for such purpose without counting the vote or votes of the interested director or directors;
such common directorship, officership or financial interest is disclosed or known to the shareholders entitled to vote thereon, and such contract or transaction is approved by vote of the shareholders; or
the contract or transaction is fair and reasonable as to the Corporation at the time it is approved by the Board of Directors or the shareholders.
Section 11.1: Obligation to Indemnify:
The Corporation shall indemnify all Eligible Persons for their Indemnifiable Expenses to the maximum extent permitted by law.
Section 11.2: Persons Entitled to Indemnification:
As used in this Article the term "Eligible Person" means any person made, or threatened to be made, a party to an action or proceeding, whether civil or criminal, including an action by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor or an action by or in the right of any other corporation of any type or kind, domestic or foreign, including, but not limited to, any subsidiary of the Corporation, or any partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise, which any director or officer of the Corporation served in any capacity at the request of the Corporation, by reason of the fact that he, his testator or intestate, was a director or officer of the Corporation, or served such other corporation, partnership, joint venture, trust, employee benefit plan or other enterprise in any capacity; provided that no indemnification may be made to or on behalf of any director or officer if a judgment or other final adjudication adverse to the director or officer establishes that his or her acts were committed in bad faith or were the result of active and deliberate dishonesty and were material to the cause of action so adjudicated, or that he or she personally gained in fact a financial profit or other advantage to which he was not legally entitled. Any director or officer of any subsidiary of the Corporation shall be presumed to serve at the request of the Corporation.
Section 11.3: Indemnifiable Expenses:
As used in this Article,
"Indemnifiable Expenses" means (i) in the case of actions or proceedings other than those
by or in the right of the Corporation to procure a judgment in its favor, judgments
, and fines
(including any excise tax deemed a fine pursuant to Section 722 of the Business
Corporation Law or any successor provision ),) and (ii) in all actions
and proceedings, amounts paid in settlement (but only if such
settlement was made with prior written consent of the Corporation or if such
consent was unreasonably refused or withheld for an unreasonably long period
after written request thereof) and reasonable expenses, including attorneys'
fees incurred as a result of such pending or threatened action or proceeding
(including any appeal therein).
Section 11.4: Procedure:
Section 11.5: General:
The rights to
indemnification and advancement of expenses granted under
this by-lawthese By-Laws are
supplementary to and not in derogation of the rights to indemnification that
any person described in Section 11.2 of this Article may have under
Sections 722, 723 and 724 of the Business Corporation Law or any successor
provisions or other applicable law.
Section 11.6: Effect Of Repeal or Amendment:
repeal or amendment
if this by-lawof
these By-Laws, the foregoing provisions shall continue to be applicable to
and require indemnification of any present or former director or officer, or
his or her legal representative, unless the action or
proceeding with respect to which the foregoing provisions are applicable is
based on an alleged act or omission occurring after the expiration of thirty
days from the receipt by such director or officer of notice of such repeal or
Section 12.1: Amendment of By-Laws:
The By-Laws may be amended, repealed or adopted by vote of the holders of the shares at the time entitled to vote in the election of any directors. The Board of Directors may also amend, repeal or adopt By-Laws, but any By-Laws adopted by the Board of Directors may be amended or repealed by shareholders entitled to vote thereon as provided herein. If any By-Laws regulating an impending election of directors is adopted, amended or repealed by the Board of Directors, there shall be set forth in the notice of the next meeting of shareholders for the election of directors the By-Laws so adopted, amended or repealed, together with a concise statement of the change made.
[As Filed: 03-19-2013]