Google Audit Committee Charter


The main function of the Audit Committee is to oversee Google's accounting and financial reporting processes, internal systems of control, independent auditor relationships and audits of Google's consolidated financial statements. The Audit Committee is also responsible for determining the appointment of Google's independent auditors and any change in that appointment, and for ensuring the auditors' independence.

In carrying out Audit Committee functions, the Audit Committee must maintain free and open communication with Google's independent auditors and Google's management.

Appointment and Membership Requirements

The Audit Committee shall be made up of at least three (3) independent members of the Board of Directors. Audit Committee members are appointed by the Board of Directors. The Board of Directors decides the Audit Committee's exact number and can at any time remove or replace a Committee member. The Board of Directors will also make all determinations regarding satisfaction of the membership requirements described below.

The Audit Committee will comply with all applicable provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and The Nasdaq Stock Market, including those related to independence.

At least one member of the Audit Committee must have past employment experience in finance or accounting, or comparable experience or background which results in financial sophistication. Having been a CEO, CFO or other senior officer with financial oversight, responsibilities, for instance, would qualify.

Each member of the Audit Committee must be able to read and understand fundamental financial statements, including Google's balance sheet, income statement and cash flow statement.


The Audit Committee's main responsibility is to oversee Google's financial reporting process (including Google's systems of internal controls) and report the Audit Committee's findings to the Board of Directors. The Audit Committee believes that Google's policies and procedures should remain flexible in order to best react to changing conditions and circumstances. The following list includes the Audit Committee's main recurring processes in carrying out its responsibilities. This list is intended as a guide, with the understanding that the Audit Committee can supplement it as appropriate, consistent with the requirements of the SEC and Nasdaq.

1) Hiring and Selection of Auditors. The Audit Committee will directly appoint, retain and compensate Google's independent auditors. These independent auditors will report directly to, and be responsible to, the Audit Committee.

2) Approval of Audit and Non-Audit Services. The Audit Committee will decide what services will be performed by the independent auditors and approve in advance all the services they provide. However, pre-approval is not required for services other than audit, review or attest services if:

  • the total amount of all these services provided to Google is less than or equal to five percent of the total amount of money paid by Google to its independent auditors during the fiscal year in which the non-audit services are provided;
  • the services were not recognized by Google at the time of the engagement to be non-audit services; and
  • the services are promptly brought to the Audit Committee's attention and approved prior to the completion of the audit.

Alternatively, the Audit Committee can engage the independent auditors with pre-approved policies and procedures, provided that the policies and procedures are detailed as to the particular services and the Audit Committee is informed of such service.

3) Auditor Independence. The Audit Committee is responsible for making sure it reviews at least annually a formal written statement explaining all relationships between the outside auditors and Google and its subsidiaries, consistent with Independence Standards Board of Directors Standard 1. The Audit Committee will maintain an active dialogue with the independent auditors, covering any disclosed relationships or services that may impact their objectivity and independence. The Audit Committee will review the independent auditors' peer review, which is conducted every three years. The Audit Committee will review all proposed hires by Google or its subsidiaries of individuals formerly employed by the independent auditors. The Audit Committee will take, or recommend to the Board of Directors that it take, appropriate actions to oversee the independence of Google's outside auditors.

4) Oversight of Auditors; Audit Plan. The Audit Committee will be responsible for oversight of the auditors' work and Google's relationship with its independent auditors. The Audit Committee will discuss with the independent auditors the overall scope and plans for their audits and other financial reviews, including the adequacy of staffing, compensation and resources. The Audit Committee will be responsible for reviewing and resolving any disagreements between Google's management and the independent auditors regarding financial controls or financial reporting.

5) Internal Controls; Risk Assessment. The Audit Committee will discuss with management and the independent auditors the design, implementation, adequacy and effectiveness of Google's internal controls, including Google's system to monitor and manage business risk, legal and ethical compliance programs and financial reporting. The Audit Committee also will meet separately with the independent auditors, with and without management present, to discuss the results of their examinations. The Audit Committee will provide oversight over the system of internal controls, relying upon management's and the independent auditors' representations and assessments of, and recommendations regarding, the controls. The Audit Committee will review disclosures regarding Google's internal controls whose inclusion in SEC reports is required.

6) Quarterly and Annual Financial Statements. . The Audit Committee will review and discuss the annual audited financial statements and quarterly financial statements with management and the independent auditors, including any disclosures under the management's discussion and analysis sections of Google's SEC reports and any disclosures regarding critical accounting estimates that Google may make. The Audit Committee will be responsible for making a recommendation to the Board of Directors as to whether Google's annual audited financial statements should be included in Google's annual report on Form 10-K.

7) Proxy Report. The Audit Committee will prepare any report required to be prepared by it for inclusion in any proxy statement of Google under SEC rules and regulations.

8) Earnings Announcements. The Audit Committee will review, and discuss with management and Google's independent auditors, Google's quarterly earnings announcements, and other public announcements regarding Google's results of operations.

9) Critical Accounting Policies. The Audit Committee will obtain, review and discuss reports from the independent auditors about:

  • all critical accounting policies and practices which Google will use, and the qualities of those policies and practices;
  • all alternative treatments of financial information within generally accepted accounting principles that the auditors have discussed with management officials of Google, ramifications of the use of these alternative disclosures and treatments, the treatment preferred by the independent auditors and the reasons for favoring that treatment; and
  • other material written communications between the independent auditors and Google management, such as any management letter or schedule of unadjusted differences.

The Audit Committee will also discuss with the independent auditors and then disclose those matters whose disclosure is required by SAS 61, including any difficulties the independent auditors encountered in the course of the audit work, any restrictions on the scope of the independent auditors' activities or on their access to requested information, and any significant disagreements with management.

10) CEO and CFO Certifications. The Audit Committee will review the CEO and CFO disclosure and certifications under Sections 302 and 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act.

11) Related Party Transactions. The Audit Committee will review and approve all related party transactions. The term "Related party transactions" is defined in Regulation S-K of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and in SEC guidance relating to the management's discussion and analysis section of SEC reports.

12) Anonymous Complaint Handling Process. The Audit Committee will have responsibility for establishment and oversight of processes and procedures for (a) the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints about accounting, internal accounting controls or audit matters and (b) confidential and anonymous submissions by employees concerning questionable accounting, auditing and internal control matters. All such relevant complaints and submissions must be reported to the Audit Committee.

13) Ability to Investigate; Retention of Advisors. The Audit Committee has the power to investigate any matter brought to its attention, with full access to all Google books, records, facilities and employees. The Audit Committee also has the power to retain independent counsel or other experts and advisors, and the Audit Committee will have funding sufficient for this purpose and the power to use such funding to compensate its counsel, experts and advisors.

14) Review of Charter. The Audit Committee will review and reassess the adequacy of this charter at least once a year. Every year, the Audit Committee will submit this charter for approval by the Board of Directors.

It is NOT the Audit Committee's responsibility to prepare and certify Google's financial statements, to guarantee the independent auditors' report, or to guarantee other disclosures by Google. These are the fundamental responsibilities of management and the independent auditors. The Audit Committee members are not full-time Google employees and do not perform the functions of auditors and accountants.

Restrictions on Independent Auditors Services

Google's independent auditors cannot perform any of the following services for Google:

  • bookkeeping or other services related to Google's accounting records or financial statements;
  • financial information systems design and implementation;
  • appraisal or valuation services, fairness opinions or contribution-in-kind reports;
  • actuarial services;
  • internal audit outsourcing services;
  • management or human resources functions;
  • broker or dealer, investment adviser or investment banking services;
  • legal services and expert services unrelated to the audit; and
  • any other service that the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board of Directors determines, by regulation, would impair the independence of Google's auditors.


The Board of Directors determines the amount of any fees, if any, that Audit Committee members receive for their services. These fees can include retainers or per meeting fees. Audit Committee members cannot receive any compensation from Google except the fees they receive for their services as members of the Board of Directors or any committee of the Board of Directors, and except for reimbursement of their expenses.

Meetings and Minutes

The Audit Committee will meet at least 4 times each year, and will keep minutes of each meeting. The Audit Committee decides when and where it will meet, and must deliver a copy of this schedule in advance to the Board of Directors.

Unless the Board of Directors or this Charter provides otherwise, the Audit Committee can make, alter or repeal rules for the conduct of its business. In the absence of these rules, the Audit Committee will conduct its business in the same way the Board of Directors conducts its business.

Delegation of Authority; Chair of Audit Committee

The Audit Committee can delegate to one or more members of the Audit Committee the authority to pre-approve audit and permissible non-audit services, as long as this pre-approval is presented to the full Audit Committee at its scheduled meetings.

The Audit Committee cannot delegate its responsibilities to non-committee members.

The Audit Committee can appoint a chair of the committee, and can change its decision regarding who will be chair at any time.