Audit Committee Charter
Amended and restated as of February 8, 2005


The Audit Committee is appointed by the Board of Directors to assist the Board in monitoring (a) the integrity of the Company’s financial statements, (b) the independent accountants’ qualifications and independence, (c) the performance of the Company's internal audit function and independent accountants, and (d) the compliance by the Company with legal and regulatory requirements.


The Committee shall consist of no fewer than three members. The members of the Committee shall meet the independence and experience requirements of the New York Stock Exchange, Section 10A(m)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission"). At least one member of the Audit Committee shall be an audit committee financial expert as defined by the Commission and as determined by the Board of Directors. The members and chairperson of the Committee shall be appointed and replaced by the Board of Directors.


The Committee shall meet as often as it determines, but not less frequently than quarterly. The Committee shall meet periodically with management, the internal auditors and the independent accountants in separate executive sessions. The Committee may request any officer or employee of the Company or the Company's outside counsel or independent accountants to attend a meeting of the Committee or to meet with any members of, or consultants to, the Committee.


The Committee shall have the sole authority to appoint or replace the independent accountants (subject to shareholder ratification). The Committee shall be directly responsible for the compensation and oversight of the work of the independent accountants (including resolution of disagreements between management and the independent accountants regarding financial reporting) for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report or related work. The independent accountants shall report directly to the Committee.

The Committee shall pre-approve all auditing services and permitted non-auditing services (including the fees and terms thereof) to be performed for the Company by the independent accountants, subject to the de minimus exceptions for non-audit services described in Section 10A(i)(1)(B) of the Exchange Act which are approved by the Committee prior to the completion of the audit.

The Committee may form and delegate authority to subcommittees consisting of one or more members when appropriate, including the authority to grant preapprovals of audit and permitted non-audit services, provided that decisions of such subcommittees to grant preapprovals shall be presented to the full Committee at its next scheduled meeting.

The Committee shall have the authority, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate, to retain independent legal, accounting or other advisors. The Company shall provide for appropriate funding, as determined by the Committee, for payment of compensation to the independent accountants for the purpose of rendering or issuing an audit report and to any advisors employed by the Committee.

The Committee shall make regular reports to the Board of Directors. The Committee shall review and reassess the adequacy of this Charter annually and shall submit any proposed substantive changes to the Board of Directors for approval. The Committee shall annually review its own performance.

The Committee shall prepare the report required by the rules of the Commission to be included in the Company's annual proxy statement.

The Committee, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate, shall:

Financial Statement and Disclosure Matters

  1. Meet to review and discuss with management and the Company’s independent accountants the annual audited financial statements, including the Company's specific disclosures made in management's discussion and analysis, and recommend to the Board of Directors whether the audited financial statements should be included in the Company's Form 10 K.
  2. Review and discuss with management and the Company’s independent accountants the annual reports on internal controls over financial reporting that will be included in the Company’s Form 10-K in accordance with Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. Review and discuss any significant deficiencies or material weaknesses in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting that are disclosed to the Committee by management or the independent accountants, and the steps being taken to resolve them.
  3. Meet to review and discuss with management and the independent accountants the Company's quarterly financial statements prior to the filing of its Form 10 Q, including the Company's specific disclosures made in management’s discussion and analysis and the results of the independent accountants’ reviews of the quarterly financial statements.
  4. Discuss with management and the independent accountants significant financial reporting issues and judgments made in connection with the preparation of the Company's financial statements, including any significant changes in the Company's selection or application of accounting principles.
  5. Review and discuss reports from the independent auditors on:

    (a) All critical accounting principles and practices to be used.

    (b) All alternative treatments of financial information within generally accepted accounting principles that have been discussed with management, ramifications of the use of such alternative disclosures and treatments, and the treatment preferred by the independent accountants.

    (c) Other material written communications between the independent accountants and management.
  6. Discuss with management the Company's earnings press releases, including the use of "pro forma" or "adjusted" non GAAP information, as well as financial information and earnings guidance provided to analysts and rating agencies. Such discussion may be done generally, consisting of discussing the types of information to be disclosed and the types of presentations to be made.
  7. Discuss with management and the independent accountants the effect of regulatory and accounting initiatives as well as off balance sheet structures on the Company's financial statements.
  8. Discuss with management the Company's major financial risk exposures and the steps management has taken to monitor and control such exposures, including the Company's risk assessment and risk management policies.
  9. Discuss with the independent accountants the matters required to be discussed by Statement on Auditing Standards No. 61 relating to the conduct of the audit, including any difficulties encountered in the course of the audit work, any restrictions on the scope of activities or access to requested information, and any significant disagreements with management.
  10. Review disclosures made to the Committee by the Company’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer during their certification process for the Form 10-K and Form 10-Q about any significant deficiencies in the design or operation of internal controls over financial reporting or material weaknesses therein and any fraud involving management or other employees who have a significant role in the Company’s internal controls.

    Oversight of the Company's Relationship with the Independent Accountants
  11. Review and evaluate the lead partner of the independent accountants’ team.
  12. Obtain and review a report from the independent accountants at least annually regarding (a) the independent accountants’ internal quality control procedures, (b) any material issues raised by the most recent internal quality control review, or publicly disclosed findings resulting from reviews of public oversight bodies or investigations by governmental authorities within the preceding five years respecting one or more independent audits carried out by the firm, (c) any steps taken to deal with any such issues or findings, and (d) all relationships between the independent accountants and the Company. Evaluate the qualifications, performance and independence of the independent accountants, including considering whether the accountants’ quality controls are adequate and the provision of permitted non audit services is compatible with maintaining the accountants’ independence, and taking into account the opinions of management and internal auditors. The Committee shall present its conclusions with respect to the independent accountants to the Board of Directors.
  13. Ensure the rotation of the lead (or coordinating) audit partner having primary responsibility for the audit and the audit partner responsible for reviewing the audit as required by law.
  14. Set policies for the Company's hiring of employees or former employees of the independent accountants who participated in any capacity in the audit of the Company.
  15. Meet with the independent accountants prior to the audit to discuss the planning and staffing of the audit.

    Oversight of the Company's Internal Audit Function
  16. Review the appointment and replacement of the senior internal auditing executive.
  17. Review the significant issues raised in reports to management prepared by the internal auditing department and management's responses.
  18. Discuss with the independent accountants and management the internal audit department responsibilities, budget and staffing and any recommended changes in the planned scope of the internal audit function.

    Compliance Oversight Responsibilities
  19. Obtain from the independent accountants assurance that Section 10A(b) of the Exchange Act regarding illegal acts has not been implicated.
  20. Obtain reports from management and the Company's senior internal auditing executive that the Company is in conformity with applicable legal requirements and the Company's Code of Business Conduct, including the provisions related to insider trading and conflicts of interest. Advise the Board of Directors with respect to the Company's policies and procedures regarding compliance with applicable laws and regulations and with the Company's Code of Business Conduct.
  21. Review procedures for the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting control or auditing matters, and the confidential, anonymous submission by employees of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters.
  22. Discuss with management and the independent accountants any correspondence with regulators or governmental agencies and any published reports which raise material issues regarding the Company's financial statements or accounting policies.
  23. Discuss with the Company's General Counsel legal matters that may have a material impact on the financial statements or the Company's compliance policies.


While the Audit Committee has the responsibilities and powers set forth in this Charter, it is not the duty of the Audit Committee to plan or conduct audits or to determine that the Company’s financial statements and disclosures are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and applicable rules and regulations. These are the responsibilities of management and the independent accountants.