This document provides information about our Code of Business Conduct and Ethics. All directors, officers and employees are individually and collectively responsible for managing our business activities in full compliance with the Code and applicable law. You should carefully review this document. By accepting a position or continuing to serve as a director, officer or employee, you are agreeing to comply with the Code. Failure to read or acknowledge the Code will not exempt any employee from the responsibility to comply with the Code, applicable laws and all other policies applicable to his or her employment.
Who must comply with the Code
The Code applies to Liberty Media Corporation and to all other companies in which Liberty Media Corporation directly or indirectly owns and has the right to vote shares or other interests representing more than 50% of the voting power of such companies (“Controlled Companies”) with respect to the election of directors or similar officials, and to all directors, officers and employees of each. Any reference to “the Company” includes Liberty Media Corporation and its Controlled Companies unless otherwise indicated. Any reference to “employees” includes directors, officers and employees of Liberty Media Corporation and its Controlled Companies.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, unless otherwise determined by the Board of Directors of Liberty Media Corporation, the Code will not apply to (i) any Controlled Company and its employees if the Controlled Company is an “issuer” as defined in Section 2(a)(7) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (generally, a company that files disclosure documents with the SEC) or (ii) any other Controlled Company that is excluded from the application of the Code by the Board of Directors of Liberty Media Corporation.
How to use the Code
The Code summarizes various legal and regulatory requirements and business practices applicable to business activities conducted on behalf of the Company. It should be treated as a guide in making day-to-day business decisions. It is not intended to address every legal or ethical question that may arise, nor does it replace other more detailed policies, including, for example, those set forth in your Employee Handbook. Individual business units may also adopt standards or codes of conduct applying to their activities and employees.
How to ask questions and communicate concerns
If you want guidance regarding a particular practice or compliance issue, or if you wish to report a violation or questionable behavior, you should contact your Corporate Compliance Contact Person. The Corporate Compliance Contact Person will be different for various employees, but generally will be a person in the legal department of your business unit or, in the absence of a more specific designation, the General Counsel of Liberty Media Corporation or a person designated by that officer. If you want to contact your Corporate Compliance Contact Person but are not sure of his or her identity, you should contact the legal department of your business unit or the General Counsel of Liberty Media Corporation for that information.
Effective June 9,
2004, you may also call the Corporate Compliance Line at
(888) 310-7640 if you are calling from a location within the
If you wish to communicate via a confidential web-based reporting system, you may contact the third-party vendor at https://www.compliance-helpline.com/welcomepagelibertymediacorp.jsp. Your identity will be kept confidential and your concerns reported to Company personnel for appropriate action.
You may also send a letter or fax to the General Counsel at
Liberty Media Corporation,
If you have a concern regarding an accounting or auditing matter and wish to submit the concern confidentially or anonymously, you may do so by using the web-based reporting system described above, calling the Corporate Compliance Line or sending a letter or fax to the General Counsel of Liberty Media Corporation as described above. Your message will be forwarded to one or more non-employee directors of Liberty Media Corporation, including the Chairman of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors of Liberty Media Corporation. The concerns raised by your message also will be addressed by one or more members of management.
To the extent it is legally possible to do so, the Company will maintain the confidentiality of anyone who is requesting guidance or who is reporting a violation or other questionable behavior. The Code prohibits any employee from retaliation or taking any other adverse action against another for reporting a violation or raising a legal or ethical concern.
Code of Business Conduct and Ethics
Honest and Ethical Conduct
We will exhibit and promote the highest standards of honest and ethical conduct in all of our dealings relating to the business of the Company. That means, among other things, that we will work to develop business relationships through open and honest communications. No one should take unfair advantage of another through manipulation, concealment or abuse of privileged information, misrepresentation of material facts or any other unfair practice.
Conflicts of Interest
We will act at all times in the Company’s best interest and will use our best efforts to avoid the appearance of, as well as any actual, conflict of interest.
A “conflict of interest” may exist whenever an employee’s private interests interfere or conflict in any way with the interests of the Company as a whole. A conflict may exist when an employee takes actions or has interests that make it difficult to perform his or her work objectively and effectively. Conflicts may also arise when an employee or a member of his or her family receives an improper personal benefit as a result of the employee’s position in the Company, whether received from the Company or a third party.
Loans to, or guarantees of loans owed by, employees or their family members may create conflicts of interest or, in some cases, may be prohibited by law.
Each employee should promptly report any situation which may involve an actual or potential conflict of interest to the appropriate Corporate Compliance Contact Person or another person described under “Reporting Illegal or Unethical Behavior” below. Any transaction or other conflict of interest situation involving an employee, if fully disclosed and approved by an appropriate Company decision-maker, will not be deemed to violate this Code. If the situation in question involves a transaction required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 of SEC Regulation S-K, the transaction must be approved by the Audit Committee of the Board of Liberty Media Corporation or another independent body of that Board.
Gifts and Payments
We will not offer, give, solicit or accept any form of bribe, payoff, unlawful gratuity or kickback to or from any person. In addition to being a violation of this Code, such conduct may subject the Company and the involved individuals to criminal penalties. Employees also should refrain from making or receiving gifts in circumstances that may give rise to an actual or apparent conflict of interest.
Employees may give or accept gifts so long as doing so (i) complies with applicable law, (ii) does not violate any company policy applicable to the giver or the receiver of the gift and (iii) is consistent with accepted business practices and customs, including practice and custom in the locale where business is being conducted. The Company encourages discretion and moderation when providing or accepting gifts or entertainment.
Illegal payments to government officials are strictly prohibited. With respect to foreign activities, the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act prohibits giving anything of value, directly or indirectly, to foreign government officials or foreign political candidates in order to obtain or retain business.
We owe a duty to the Company to advance its legitimate business interests. That means, among other things, that no employee should take for his or her own benefit (or direct to a third party) a business opportunity that is discovered through the use of Company property, information or position unless the Company has already been offered the opportunity and rejected it. It may be difficult to determine what benefits are personal and what benefits properly belong to the Company, and there may be activities in which there are both personal and Company benefits. Questions as to whether a proposed action that is not solely for the benefit of the Company should be referred in advance of the taking of that action to the appropriate Corporate Compliance Contact Person.
Confidential or Proprietary Information
We will maintain the confidentiality of confidential information belonging to the Company, except when disclosure is authorized or legally required. Confidential information may include, for example, non-public information that might be of use to a competitor of the Company, or harmful to the Company, if disclosed. Confidential information obtained in the course of employment with the Company may not be used for personal gain during or after the term of employment.
We will comply with laws and other legal requirements governing rights to and protection of patents, copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets and other forms of intellectual property owned by the Company and third parties. We will use software and information only in accordance with applicable licenses or other rights of use.
Protection and Proper Use of the Company’s Assets
We will protect the Company’s assets and will use our best efforts to ensure their proper and efficient use. Company assets should be used for legitimate business purposes, except (when properly authorized) for limited personal use that does not interfere with the Company’s business.
Compliance with Laws and Regulatory Requirements
We will respect and comply with the laws, rules and
regulations of the
Prohibition Against Insider Trading
Our obligation to comply with applicable legal requirements means, among other things, that we will comply with laws applicable to the buying and selling of securities. In conducting business on behalf of the Company, we may become aware of material non-public information about the Company or one of its vendors, customers or other companies with which the Company may have dealings. Information is “material” if it might be useful to an investor in deciding to buy or sell securities of the company in question. Persons who have access to such information are often referred to as “insiders.” We should only discuss material non-public information with other employees on a limited, “need to know” basis. We should not share such information with others outside the Company other than persons, such as outside counsel and others engaged by the Company to provide assistance, and then only on a “need to know” basis.
Employees should not trade in securities of a company, including the Company, if they are in possession of material non-public information about that company, and should not share (sometimes referred to as “tipping”) such information with others. “Insider trading” and “tipping” are serious violations and can result in severe sanctions, including criminal penalties. Accordingly, employees should consult with the appropriate Corporate Compliance Contact Person before buying or selling securities in circumstances where the use of material non-public information may be involved.
We will use our best efforts to assure that any filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), as well as other public disclosures by or on behalf of the Company, will be timely and understandable and will be fair, accurate and complete in all material respects.
The Company is subject to extensive and complex accounting requirements. All of the Company’s books, records, accounts and financial statements should be maintained in reasonable detail, should appropriately reflect the Company’s transactions and should conform both to applicable legal requirements and to the Company’s system of internal controls.
No employee should take any action intended to influence the Company’s auditors in an improper manner or to influence the conduct of an audit of Company financial statements.
Each employee involved in the Company’s disclosure process should be familiar with, and should comply with, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures, including internal controls over financial reporting, in each case to the extent relevant to the employee’s responsibilities, so that the reports and other documents filed by the Company with the SEC will comply in all material respects with applicable federal securities laws and SEC rules. Each employee having authority regarding those SEC filings or other public communications concerning the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition or prospects should consult with other Company employees and take other appropriate steps to assure, to the extent possible, that such disclosures will be made in a timely fashion and, when made, will be accurate and complete in all material respects.
Reporting Illegal or Unethical Behavior
Each employee has the right and the obligation to seek and obtain guidance about a compliance issue or business practice. Employees should contact the appropriate Corporate Compliance Contact Person concerning observed illegal or unethical behavior. Employees also may discuss these matters with an immediate supervisor or other manager, a human resources manager or the legal department of their business unit.
The Company will not permit retaliation against any employee who, in good faith, seeks advice concerning, or who reports or complains of violations of, this Codeor other illegal or unethical conduct. If, however, an employee makes a false report of a violation or of questionable behavior for the purpose of harming another person, the reporting employee will be subject to disciplinary action.
Amendment, Modification and Waiver
This Code may be amended, modified or waived by the Board of Directors of Liberty Media Corporation. Waivers also may be granted by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of that Board of Directors. Any waiver of the Code for directors or executive officers of Liberty Media Corporation will be promptly disclosed as required by applicable SEC or stock exchange rules.