MARRIOTT INTERNATIONAL, INC.
2002 COMPREHENSIVE STOCK AND CASH INCENTIVE PLAN SUMMARY
The principal terms of the 2002 Incentive Plan are summarized below.
Shares Available under the Plan
The 2002 Incentive Plan currently provides for the issuance of 80 million shares of the Company’s Class A common stock. As proposed to be amended, 5 million shares would be added to the number of shares available for issuance under the 2002 Incentive Plan, resulting in a total of 85 million shares being subject to the 2002 Incentive Plan. As of December 31, 2004, approximately 40.9 million shares of the Company’s Class A common stock were subject to outstanding awards granted under the 2002 Incentive Plan, 33 million shares have been issued under the 2002 Incentive Plan, and approximately 6.1 million shares remained available for future issuance.
The 2002 Incentive Plan provides that no employee will be eligible to receive awards covering more than 750,000 shares of Class A common stock in any one fiscal year (excluding for this purpose any conversion awards in connection with the 1998 Spin-Off described below). The number of shares available and subject to outstanding awards, as well as this limitation, will be appropriately adjusted by the Compensation Policy Committee in the event of any change in capitalization, such as a stock split, or a corporate transaction, such as a merger, consolidation, separation, including a spinoff or other distribution of stock or property of the Company, any reorganization (whether or not taxable) or any partial or complete liquidation of the Company.
The 2002 Incentive Plan is administered by the Compensation Policy Committee appointed by the Board of Directors of the Company, the members of which are non-employee directors of the Company. The Compensation Policy Committee has broad discretion to determine the employees eligible for awards and the type of awards to be granted and to interpret the provisions of the 2002 Incentive Plan. The 2002 Incentive Plan provides that, upon a change in control of the Company, the Compensation Policy Committee or the Board may provide for the substitution, distribution, exercise, cancellation, exchange for value, or the waiver of any existing terms and conditions of the outstanding awards.
Employees of the Company (including employees who are also members of the Board) are eligible to participate in the 2002 Incentive Plan. The Compensation Policy Committee has discretion to determine which employees will receive awards. Non-employee directors of the Company are eligible solely for purposes of receiving certain director stock awards and making deferral elections with respect to director fees. In addition, employees and non-employee directors of the Company, and certain individuals who are former employees of the Company and its predecessors, received certain conversion awards in connection with the 1998 Spin-Off.
Type of Awards
Stock Option Awards. Under the 2002 Incentive Plan, options may be granted to employees that either qualify or do not qualify (nonqualified awards) for tax treatment as “incentive stock options”
within the meaning of Section 422 of the Code. All outstanding stock option awards under the 2002 Incentive Plan are nonqualified. The option price may not be less than 100 percent of the fair market value of Class A common stock on the date the option is granted. The 2002 Incentive Plan prohibits repricing of option awards. Approximately 65 employees are eligible for the management stock option awards program.
Each option may have a term of up to 15 years, as determined by the Compensation Policy Committee. Since February 2001, stock options have been issued with a 10-year term; stock options issued prior to that have 15-year terms. If an optionee ceases to be an employee or goes on leave of absence for more than 12 months (except in the case of a leave approved by the Compensation Policy Committee) while holding an exercisable option, the option will terminate if not exercised within the following three months. Nonqualified options granted to optionees who subsequently become “approved retirees” (termination of employment by reason of permanent disability or retirement with approval from the Compensation Policy Committee after 20 years of service or after attaining age 55 with 10 years of service and while a noncompetition agreement is honored) will continue to vest and will not expire until the earlier of (i) the expiration of the option in accordance with its original term or (ii) five years from the date of termination of employment. If an optionee dies while employed by the Company, or while an approved retiree, all the optionee’s options become fully vested and may be exercised until the earlier of the expiration date for such options or one year after the optionee’s death. If an optionee who is not an approved retiree dies within three months after termination of employment, the optionee’s remaining options may be exercised to the same extent and during the same period that the optionee could have exercised the options if the optionee had not died.
Restricted Stock Awards. The 2002 Incentive Plan provides additional compensation incentives to key employees in the form of shares of restricted stock of the Company. The Compensation Policy Committee decided to suspend the issuance of Restricted Stock Awards indefinitely commencing with the 2003 fiscal year. Delivery of shares is subject to the lapse of a restriction period, continued employment with the Company and satisfaction of such other requirements as may be imposed by the Compensation Policy Committee, including, but not limited to, achievement of specific performance objectives of the Company, the business unit or the individual. A percentage of the shares subject to an award of restricted stock, as determined by the Compensation Policy Committee, may be released from restriction following an employee’s retirement with the Committee’s approval at or beyond age 55 with 10 years of service or with 20 years of service. Shares are also released from restriction upon the employee’s death or permanent disability.
Deferred Stock Awards. Deferred shares of Class A common stock may be granted to employees annually as Deferred Stock Bonus Awards or Deferred Stock Agreements. The Compensation Policy Committee decided to suspend the issuance of Deferred Stock Bonus Awards and Deferred Stock Agreements indefinitely commencing with the 2001 and 2003 fiscal years, respectively.
Deferred Stock Bonus Awards previously granted represented a part of the annual performance bonus awards to employees. Eligible award recipients were able to elect either a current award or a deferred award. A current award is distributed in 10 annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted. Any undistributed shares subject to a current award are forfeited and the award terminated if the employee’s employment with the Company is terminated for any reason other than permanent disability, death or termination of employment with retirement approval from the Compensation Policy Committee at or beyond age 55 with 10 years of service or after 20 years of service. Any undistributed shares not subject to forfeiture continue to be paid to the employee or the
employee’s beneficiary under the distribution schedule that would have applied to those shares if the employee had not terminated employment, or over such shorter period as the Compensation Policy Committee may determine.
A deferred award will be distributed to the recipient, as elected by such recipient, either in a lump sum or in up to 10 installments beginning the January following termination of employment. Deferred award shares contingently vest pro rata in annual installments commencing one year after the award is granted to the employee, and continuing on each January 2 thereafter until the expiration of a 10-year period from the commencement date. All shares subject to the deferred award will vest upon permanent disability, death or termination of employment with retirement approval from the Compensation Policy Committee after reaching age 55 with 10 years of service or after 20 years of service. Vesting will stop when employment terminates for any other reason.
Vested deferred shares awarded pursuant to a Deferred Stock Agreement are distributed in 10 consecutive annual installments or over such shorter period as the Compensation Policy Committee may direct. The distribution will commence in the January following the date the employee retires or becomes permanently disabled or otherwise ceases to be an employee of the Company. Under some awards, distribution is deferred to age 65 following cessation of employment. Shares vest contingently over a specified term or in pro rata annual installments until age 65. A percentage of the shares subject to a Deferred Stock Agreement, as determined by the Compensation Policy Committee, will vest following an employee’s retirement with the Committee’s approval at or beyond age 55 with 10 years of service or with 20 years of service. Shares also vest upon the employee’s death or permanent disability.
Special Recognition Stock Awards. The 2002 Incentive Plan provides for awards designed to provide recognition of employee performance for special efforts on behalf of the Company. While all full-time, nonunion employees will be eligible, actual awards are limited in the discretion of the Compensation Policy Committee.
Other Awards. The Compensation Policy Committee may grant to employees any other awards denominated or payable in cash, Class A common stock, a Class A common stock equivalent or appreciation unit or security convertible into Class A common stock or in any combination of these forms. The other share-based awards may be issued alone or in tandem with other awards and made subject to any terms and conditions as determined by the Compensation Policy Committee and specified in the award agreements. In 2003, the Company began issuing restricted stock units under this provision of the 2002 Incentive Plan, which provide for the deferred transfer of shares of Class A common stock upon expiration of certain restrictions indicated in the award agreements. The restrictions commonly lapse evenly over a four-year period. Approximately 3,300 employees are eligible for restricted stock units.
The Compensation Policy Committee also may grant cash performance-based awards not based on Class A common stock on such terms and conditions as the Committee shall determine. No individual may receive a payment with respect to a cash performance-based award in excess of $4 million in any calendar year.
Performance Measures. In order to comply with the requirements for exclusion from the limit on the tax deduction of executive compensation under Section 162(m) of the Code, the Compensation Policy Committee may condition the grant or payment of awards to employees on the attainment of performance objectives. Under the 2002 Incentive Plan, the performance objectives are measured by
one or more of the following factors regarding the Company or the applicable business unit: (i) consolidated cash flows, (ii) consolidated financial reported earnings, (iii) consolidated economic earnings, (iv) earnings per share of Class A common stock, (v) business unit financial reported earnings, (vi) business unit economic earnings, (vii) business unit cash flow, (viii) return on invested capital, (ix) consolidated earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (“EBITDA”), and (x) business unit EBITDA, and (xi) appreciation in the price of the Company’s Class A common stock, considered alone or as measured against the performance of a group of companies approved by the Compensation Policy Committee.
Directors’ Stock Awards and Fee Deferral Elections. The Board may, after each annual meeting of the shareholders, designate non-employee directors who will receive awards of deferred shares of Class A common stock. The awards are fully vested when granted. The awards are distributed in shares of Class A common stock over a ten-year period following retirement from the Board. Non-employee directors are directors who are not full-time, salaried employees of the Company.
The 2002 Incentive Plan also provides for the deferral of fees for non-employee directors at their election. The election must be made prior to an Annual Meeting and remains in effect until the next Annual Meeting. The amounts deferred are credited, as of the date of deferral, to a bookkeeping account as stock units. The number of stock units credited to the account is equal to the fee amount divided by the per share value of Class A common stock on the date the fee amount would have been paid. The stock units are fully vested when credited to the accounts. The accounts are credited with additional stock units as of each dividend payment date on the Class A common stock, to reflect the dividend payment payable on shares of Class A common stock. Upon a non-employee director’s resignation, retirement or death (or if the non-employee director is not re-elected), the stock units in the director’s account will be paid in an equal number of shares of Class A common stock in a lump sum or in equal annual installments over a period as elected by the director.
The 2002 Incentive Plan also provides for non-employee directors to elect to receive all or any part of his or her annual retainer in the form of a stock option. The stock option, if elected, has a value, determined by the Compensation Policy Committee based on a Black-Scholes option pricing model, equal to the amount of the annual retainer the non-employee director elects to receive in the form of a stock option. The election is made on or before each Annual Meeting and the valuation is made as of the first full trading day following the Annual Meeting (the date of the grant). The option becomes fully vested on the date of the next Annual Meeting. The exercise price is the fair market value of a share of Class A common stock on the date of grant.
Non-employee directors are not eligible for other stock awards.
Conversion Awards. Pursuant to agreements entered into in connection with the 1998 Spin-Off, certain conversion awards were made under the 1998 Plan in shares of Class A common stock, in replacement of certain awards denominated in shares of Class A common stock of Old Marriott outstanding on the effective date of the 1998 Spin-Off and held by individuals who were not employees of Old Marriott after the 1998 Spin-Off. These conversion awards are administered under the 2002 Incentive Plan. The awards are subject to the terms and conditions substantially similar to those governing the awards as they were in effect before the 1998 Spin-Off. Approximately 4,000 individuals, including ten directors, received conversion awards under the 1998 Plan, covering a total of approximately 36.7 million shares of Class A common stock.
Federal Income Tax Consequences. The following is a brief description of the federal income tax consequences generally arising with respect to stock option awards that may be granted under the
2002 Incentive Plan. This discussion is intended for the information of shareholders considering how to vote at the Annual Meeting and not as tax guidance to participants in the 2002 Incentive Plan.
To the extent that any option does not satisfy the requirements for an incentive stock option, it will be treated as a nonqualified stock option. An option holder generally will not recognize income for federal income tax purposes at the time a nonqualified stock option is granted and generally will recognize ordinary income upon exercise of a nonqualified stock option in an amount equal to the difference between the fair market value of the Class A common stock on the exercise date and the exercise price. When shares acquired upon exercise of a nonqualified stock option are sold or otherwise disposed of, the option holder will recognize gain (or loss) equal to the difference between the amount realized and the option holder’s tax basis in the shares. An option holder’s tax basis in shares of Class A common stock received upon exercise of a nonqualified stock option generally is the sum of the exercise price paid and the ordinary income recognized as a result of exercising the nonqualified stock option. The Company will be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes with respect to the exercise of a nonqualified stock option at the same time and in the same amount as ordinary income is recognized by the option holder.
An option holder will not recognize ordinary taxable income upon the grant or exercise of an incentive stock option. However, the option holder may be subject to the alternative minimum tax upon exercise of an award that qualifies as an incentive stock option. Upon sale of the shares acquired upon exercise of an incentive stock option, any gain recognized will be taxed as capital gain if such shares have been held for at least two years from the date the incentive stock option was granted and at least one year from the date the shares were transferred to the option holder. Any sale or other disposition of the shares acquired upon exercise of an incentive stock option prior to the expiration of the holding period described in this paragraph is deemed a “disqualifying disposition” unless the option is exercised after the option holder’s death by the option holder’s estate or by the person who acquired the right to exercise the option by reason of the option holder’s death. Upon a disqualifying disposition, an option holder will recognize ordinary income in an amount equal to the lesser of (a) the excess of the fair market value of shares on the date the option was exercised over the exercise price or (b) the excess of the amount realized upon such disposition over the exercise price. If the amount realized exceeds the fair market value of the shares on the date of the exercise, the excess will be treated as capital gain. An option holder’s tax basis in shares of Class A common stock received upon exercise of an incentive stock option is equal to the exercise price paid. The Company will not be entitled to a deduction for federal income tax purposes at the time an incentive stock option is granted or exercised or, unless a disqualifying disposition has occurred, at the time the shares acquired upon exercise of an incentive stock option are sold. If an option holder makes a disqualifying disposition, the Company will be entitled to take a deduction at the same time and in the same amount as the ordinary income recognized by the option holder.