Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance Guidelines


1. The Role of the Board of Directors

The Board of Directors (the “Board”) is responsible for the oversight of the Company and its business. This role is carried out through the selection of a qualified senior management team charged with directing the daily operations of the Company and executing the Company’s established business plan, strategies and objectives. The Board serves to advise, consult with and monitor the performance of the senior management team.


The Board will act with honesty and integrity in the oversight of the Company and holds the Company’s management to the same standards of conduct. The Company maintains a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics to which all directors and employees are expected to adhere. Waivers of the Code for any officer or director are evaluated and granted or denied by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee of the Board, other appropriate committees of the Board and the Board. The Code, along with any waivers granted, will be posted on the Company’s website.


2. Composition of the Board

The Board will consist of the number of directors provided for in the Company’s organization documents, as amended from time to time, who are elected by the stockholders. A majority of the Board will consist of directors who satisfy independence requirements determined by the Board, in accordance with the Company’s bylaws, federal laws and rules and regulations promulgated, from time to time, by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the New York Stock Exchange. It is the Board’s intention that all outside directors will be free from any relationship that, in the opinion of the Board, would interfere with their exercise of independent judgment as a director. The Board may, from time to time, designate a former director to serve as an Emeritus Director. An Emeritus Director may serve in an advisory capacity to the Board, but will not be a voting member. The Board does not have a policy on the number of Emeritus Directors that may serve the Corporation at any one time.


The Board will form and delegate authority to committees when determined appropriate by the Board. However, generally these committees are limited to those the Board determines are necessary for the operation of a public company similar to that of the Company. It is the Board’s policy that all significant decisions and actions be considered by the full Board. The Board has standing Audit, Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance committees, each consisting entirely of independent directors, as determined by the Board. Changes in the members and chairs of the Board’s committees are made by the Board after appropriate consultations and consideration by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee.


The Board, through its Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, periodically assesses whether the current size of the Board and each committee is appropriate and sufficient to function effectively as a body.


It is the Board’s policy that its directors may not serve concurrently on more than three public company boards. For purposes of this limitation, a “public company board” is defined as (i) a board of a public corporation whose securities are registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commissions and which is subject to the reporting requirements of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and (ii) a board of a registered investment fund. If a director serves on multiple registered investment boards within the same investment fund family, the board service for such family of registered investment funds will only count as service on one board for purposes of the computation of the foregoing limitation.


The Board believes that stockholders will benefit from the continuity, experience and stability that comes with longevity of service on the Board. As such, the Board does not believe it is appropriate to limit the terms of its directors.


3. Director Qualifications

Subject to the approval of the Board, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee is responsible for establishing and evaluating the qualifications of existing directors and potential director candidates. The Committee considers such attributes as character, integrity, judgment, experience, professional achievements and financial and business acumen.


The Board recognizes that the personal and professional circumstances of its directors may change over time and that some changes may conflict with the director’s ability to serve reliably and objectively. In addition, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee monitors the qualifications, performance and effectiveness of directors. An individual director is expected to tender his or her resignation in writing to the Chairman when such director’s circumstances have so changed, or the Board has determined, that he or she is unable to continue to serve effectively. The Board believes that stockholders will benefit from the continuity, experience and stability that come with the longevity of service on the Board. As such, the Board does not believe it is appropriate to establish a mandatory retirement age.


4. Functioning of the Board

The Board will meet at least four times each year and hold such other meetings from time to time as necessary to carry out its responsibilities. A majority of the members of the Board shall constitute a quorum. A majority of the members in attendance shall decide any question brought before any meeting of the Board. Directors are expected to attend all meetings called, unless extenuating circumstances dictate otherwise. Directors are further expected to devote the appropriate time and effort necessary to effectively discharge his or her responsibilities as a director.


The Chairman is responsible for leadership of the Board, including overseeing the agenda and presiding over the meetings. Board materials related to agenda items are provided to directors sufficiently in advance of a meeting to allow directors to review and study the materials in preparation for their discussion and consideration at the meeting.

The Chairman may invite members of management or outside advisors to attend the meetings for the purpose of facilitating discussions of agenda items. Additionally, the Board invites an outside advisor who has been designated as an advisory board member.

It is the Board’s policy to schedule executive sessions at each regularly scheduled Board meeting to allow the non-employee directors to meet without management present.


5. Functioning of Committees

The Board has standing Audit, Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees. The members and chairs of these committees are recommended by the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and appointed by the full Board. Each committee consists of directors who satisfy the independence requirements established by the Board.


Each committee maintains a written charter that sets forth the committee’s purpose, structure and responsibilities. The charters provide for an annual evaluation of the performance of each committee. In addition, each committee has the authority to obtain advice and seek assistance from internal and external legal, accounting or other advisors, as it deems necessary. The frequency, length and agenda of committee meetings are determined by the chair of each committee, in conjunction with the requirements of the committee’s charter.


6. Board Resources

Directors have full and free access to the Company’s management. In addition, the Board, as a whole, shall have the authority, to the extent it deems necessary or appropriate, to obtain advice and seek assistance from legal, accounting and other advisors.


7. Board Compensation

Directors’ fees, as established and reviewed periodically by the Compensation Committee, shall be the only compensation for Board and/or committee service. Directors’ fees will consist of cash and/or options to purchase the Company’s common stock.


8. Management Development and Succession Planning

The Compensation Committee will periodically review the Company’s executive management, including the CEO, and the steps being taken to assure the succession of qualified officers of the Company and it subsidiaries.


As determined necessary by the Board, the Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee will search for, nominate and evaluate potential successors to the CEO, including the consideration of candidates recommended by the CEO.


9. Director Orientation and Continuing Education

All new directors will receive an orientation package consisting of documents necessary to understand the Company and the Board with such materials including, but not limited to, a copy of the Company’s certificate of incorporation and bylaws, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, a summary of Board committee appointments and copies of committee charters, copies of directors stock option and award plans, a summary of Board and management contacts and a schedule of upcoming Board meetings. New directors will meet separately with the CEO and CFO to discuss the Company’s business plan, financial and operation strategies and corporate objectives.


Directors are encouraged to participate in programs developed to train and educate public company board members to better understand and perform their duties. The Company will reimburse directors for reasonable expenses incurred to attend such programs.


10. Performance Evaluation

The Board, with assistance from its Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee, will conduct an evaluation of the Board’s performance at least annually. As part of such evaluation or at such other times determined by the Board, the Board will periodically review and update these guidelines, as necessary.


11. Governing Documents

The Board does not intend for this document or any of its committee charters to conflict with the Company’s certificate of incorporation, bylaws or with each other. If such a conflict should arrive, the applicable provisions of such documents will govern in the following order: (1) certificate of incorporation, (2) bylaws, (3) Corporate Governance Guidelines, (4) the applicable committee charter.


12. Disclosure of Corporate Governance Guidelines

These Corporate Governance Guidelines will be made available on the Company’s website.