Corporate Governance Practices
The board of directors and
management of the Corporation believe that appropriate corporate governance
practices are important for the effective management of the Corporation and
value creation for its shareholders. A description of Onex’ corporate
governance practices follows and a comparison is made to the guidelines on
corporate governance of the Canadian Securities Administrators (the
“Guidelines”). The board of directors and management recognize that
corporate governance is a matter that is constantly evolving and that
law-makers, regulators, investors and other capital markets participants have
put forth various proposals for reform in the last few years. The Corporation
will assess new rules as they are made and new “best practices” as they emerge.
Mandate of the Board of Directors
The board of directors has adopted a written mandate setting out its responsibilities for the stewardship of the Corporation. The mandate of the board, which is consistent with the Guidelines, is to oversee the management of the business of the Corporation by the executive officers and managers of the Corporation and includes the following duties and responsibilities:
Composition of the Board
The board of directors proposed for election is composed of ten members, seven of whom are independent in that they have no direct or indirect business or other relationships that could reasonably be expected to interfere with the exercise of independent judgment.
The non-independent directors are Mr. Schwartz, the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation as well as its founder and a significant shareholder, his spouse, Ms. Reisman, and Mr. Heersink, a Managing Director of the Corporation.
The independent directors are:
Dan C. Casey
John B. McCoy
William A. Etherington
J. Robert S. Prichard
Peter C. Godsoe
Arni C. Thorsteinson
The independent directors have diverse business backgrounds, a wide range of public company experience and meaningful investments in the Corporation and its subsidiary businesses. As a result, they well represent the interests of shareholders, including minority shareholders, of the Corporation. The board has adopted a policy requiring that each director own shares of the Corporation and the minimum number of shares to be held is currently set at 30,000 shares. The minimum number of shares to be held is determined annually and directors have up to 12 months to acquire additional shares to achieve ownership requirements, except that new directors may have up to four years to achieve the appropriate share ownership level. Deferred Share Units held may be applied towards the share ownership requirement. All of the Corporation’s directors hold shares and Deferred Share Units substantially in excess of the minimum ownership requirement.
Independence and Functioning of the Board
Mr. Schwartz is Chairman of the board of directors as well as President and Chief Executive Officer of the Corporation. While the Guidelines express a preference for a chairman of a board to be an independent director, it is the view of the Corporation’s board that it derives substantial advantages from having Mr. Schwartz as its Chairman and that its independence is not impaired because:
Each director works with his or her
fellow directors to perform the responsibilities of the board and its
committees as set out in their respective written charters. Each director acts
to serve the long-term interests of the Corporation and its shareholders and in
so doing conducts himself or herself in an independent
manner and in accordance with the highest ethical standards. Directors
continually seek to improve their knowledge about the Corporation and the
opportunities and risks facing its business. In so doing, directors prepare
for, attend where possible and participate in all meetings of the board and,
where they are members, of its committees. To achieve this result, each
director commits to devote sufficient time to effectively carry out his or her
responsibilities. Directors are expected to be able to provide informed
judgment on a wide variety of matters, particularly those relevant to the
business of the Corporation. Given the nature of Onex’ business and the matters
reviewed by the board, each director is also expected to possess a significant
degree of financial literacy. It is anticipated that an individual who accepts
the position as a director of the Corporation will commit to be a board member
for an extended period of time.
The current practice of the board of directors permits an individual director or committee of the board to engage an outside advisor at the expense of the Corporation, and with notice to the lead director, in appropriate circumstances. In addition, each director who has or may reasonably be perceived to have a material interest in any transaction or agreement being considered by the board is required to make full disclosure of his or her interest and if an actual conflict exists, is expected to abstain from voting on such matter.
Key Position Descriptions
The Guidelines suggest that position descriptions for the board, chairs of the board committees and the Chief Executive Officer should be developed. The broad mandate of the board, and its duties and responsibilities as described above, serve to define the relationship between the board and management. They work together in a collegial manner without a significantly structured or hierarchical format. This is consistent with the highly entrepreneurial nature of the Corporation. There are written mandates for the board and the committees of the board.
The following are position descriptions for the Chairman and the Lead Director:
The Chairman is to manage the affairs of the board, ensuring that the board meets its obligations and responsibilities and functions effectively, and to see that the interests of the shareholders are achieved. In that capacity he ensures that the board has adequate resources and the full, timely and relevant information required to enable responsible decision-making. The Chairman chairs all meetings of shareholders and is available for questions from shareholders. The Chairman provides the principal point of contact between management and the board and facilitates effective interaction between board members and management.
The Lead Director is to facilitate the functioning of the board independently of management, to ensure that directors have an independent contact on matters of concern to them and to ensure that the board’s agenda will enable it to successfully carry out its duties. In particular, the Lead Director would provide leadership to the board if circumstances arose in which the joint role of the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer may be, or may be perceived to be, in conflict and chairs those board sessions that are attended only by independent directors. To carry out his duties the Lead Director, who is also the Chair of the Corporation’s Audit and Corporate Governance Committee, is knowledgeable on corporate governance practices and developments and is able to provide guidance on such matters. The Lead Director also leads development of the board in terms of skills, orientation and the assessment of the effectiveness of individual members. In doing so the Lead Director seeks the feedback of board members on the performance of the board, its committees and individual directors.
Committees of the Board
The board has established two standing committees of directors, the responsibilities of each of which are summarized below and are set forth in a written charter approved by the board. Other committees are appointed from time to time when required. The proceedings of committees are reviewed by, and their recommendations are brought for consideration to, the full board. The board of directors will consider modifications to committee responsibilities and procedures as best practices and processes continue to evolve and as and when the Canadian securities regulators put forth proposed changes to applicable rules and guidelines.
Compensation and Management Resources Committee
The Compensation and Management Resources Committee is and will be composed of three members, all of whom are independent and unrelated directors, which is consistent with the Guidelines. In addition, the Board recognizes the importance of appointing to the Committee individuals whose business background and other professional activities would allow them to be thoughtful and knowledgeable stewards of the Corporation’s compensation philosophy and practices. In addition to compensation matters generally, the Board believes it is important that the Committee members understand the interaction of compensation and risk management considerations and also the manner in which compensation practices for an asset management and private equity business would appropriately differ from those of a conventional operating company. The Board notes that in addition to their substantial and varied business and professional backgrounds generally (as set forth under “Election of Directors”), Messrs. Etherington and McCoy currently serve and have previously served on the compensation committees of the boards of other prominent international businesses (with current service including Celestica Inc. and SS&C Technologies, Inc. in the case of Mr. Etherington and AT&T, Inc. in the case of Mr. McCoy) and that Mr. Casey has a long history both with the Corporation and in other private investing businesses. Accordingly, the Board believes that the Committee as currently composed is highly qualified to develop and oversee the implementation of appropriate and effective compensation practices at the Corporation.
This Committee establishes and administers the compensation policies and remuneration levels for the executive officers and managers of the Corporation and reviews such levels for certain senior executive officers of the Corporation’s subsidiaries. This function includes reviewing and making recommendations to the board in respect of the Corporation's compensation plans and equity-based programs, including the stock option plan and the Management Investment Plan. Further information as to the Committee’s responsibilities and processes is detailed under “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” below. The Committee’s recommendations are submitted to and reviewed by the board of directors. The Committee also reviews and approves the Corporation’s disclosure with respect to executive compensation. The Compensation and Management Resources Committee met four times in 2011 with all members present for each meeting. The Committee is scheduled to meet four times in 2012.
Audit and Corporate Governance Committee
The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee is composed of three directors, all of whom are independent directors as recommended by the Guidelines. These directors also meet the higher independence standard for audit committee members recommended by the Guidelines. The Committee reviews the financial qualifications of its members. All of the members of the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee are financially literate and at least one has the experience level of a financial expert, all as contemplated by the Guidelines. The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee met six times in 2011 with all members present for each meeting. The Committee is scheduled to meet four times during 2012. Its responsibilities include the review and assessment of the Corporation’s external audit plan, the audit approach on subsidiary companies, accounting policies, internal controls, access granted to the Corporation’s records and co-operation by management in the audit process, accounting systems, financial risk management, adequacy of insurance coverage, and quarterly and annual financial reporting. The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee reviews the annual and quarterly consolidated financial statements, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of the financial results, the external auditor’s report and press releases on earnings and reports its findings to the board of directors for consideration when approving the annual and quarterly financial statements for issuance to the shareholders. The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee meets without the presence of management, except at the Committee’s invitation, and has direct access to representatives of the auditors. The Committee is responsible for assessing the independence of the auditors and sets the criteria for non-audit services the external auditor is prohibited from providing. The Committee has a broad responsibility for reviewing and monitoring the Corporation’s corporate governance policies and related disclosures. The Committee also annually reviews the adequacy and forms of compensation for directors. This review is completed with reference periodically to outside surveys of directors’ compensation for corporations of similar size and complexity. The Committee monitors compliance with the Corporation’s Code of Business Conduct and Ethics and would consider and determine any proposed waiver for the benefit of the Corporation’s directors or senior officers.
Director Recruitment and Performance Review
The board of directors on the board as proposed is ten, which is considered by the board to be an appropriate size to facilitate effective decision-making. The entire board, seven out of ten of the members of which are independent, acts as a nominating committee in identifying and recruiting new members to the board. The board considers the competencies and skills that the board, as a whole, should possess, evaluates the competencies and skills of each current board member and then determines the competencies, skills and other qualities for new directors and assesses prospective new directors against that framework.
Annually, each board member completes a formal corporate governance questionnaire, which is submitted to the Lead Director. This questionnaire is designed to assist in assessing the effectiveness of the board as a whole and of the committees of the board, as well as formal peer reviews to evaluate the contribution and performance of each individual director, including the Lead Director and the Chairman. The written mandates of the board and of the committees of the board are also assessed. These matters are discussed both by the board of directors as a whole and by the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee as suggested in the Guidelines.
Annually, the board reviews the slate of directors proposed to be elected by the Subordinate Voting Shareholders at the annual meeting. The Audit and Corporate Governance Committee of the board also reviews each year the proposed re-election of any director, other than the Chief Executive Officer, who will have reached the age of 72 or greater at the time of the annual meeting and makes a recommendation to the board as to whether a change should be considered. Participation of directors is expected, and generally there is full attendance, at all board and committee meetings. Directors are asked to notify the Corporation if they are unable to attend and attendance at meetings is duly recorded. During 2011, there were four meetings and each director attended all of the meetings except that each of Ms. Reisman and Mr. McCoy missed one meeting.
New directors of the Corporation have generally been executives with extensive business experience and directorship responsibilities on the boards of other public and private institutions. It is the responsibility of the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee to oversee the orientation program for new directors. The formal orientation program is tailored to the particular background of the new director and would include such items as a review of the board’s mandate, the mandates of committees, the Corporation’s Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, past board of directors’ materials and other private and public documents concerning the Corporation, exposure to the officers of the Corporation and visits to certain of the Corporation’s operating companies. The expectation as to time commitment and participation by directors would also be reviewed. This program is consistent with the Guidelines.
The board has continuing education for directors, including advice to the Audit and Corporate Governance Committee members on a timely and continuing basis of changes in accounting principles, regulatory and governance matters. Other sessions are provided that are of more general benefit to all the directors. To enhance the directors’ knowledge and understanding of Onex’ businesses, certain meetings of the board include presentations by the chief executive officers of Onex’ major operating companies.